Learn Dagbanli (Dagbanli Bɔhimbu)

Verbs (Part 1) – First, Second and Third Person Verbs

 

A verb is a word, or a group of words, which describe an action or a state. For example: dance (wa), go (chama), fall (lu), learn (bɔhim).

 

Personal Pronouns In Dagbanli

Present Continuous Lesson

Personal pronouns (Dagbanli) Personal pronoun (English) Negation (Dagbanli) Negation  (English)
n I N bi I am not
a You A bi You are not
o He/She/It O bi He/She/It is not
They Bɛ bi They are not
ti We Ti Bi We are not

 

Conjugating The Verb “To-Be”

Dagbanli English
N bɛ I am
A bɛ You Are
O bɛ He Is
O bɛ She Is
O bɛ It Is
Bi bɛ They are
Ti bɛ We are

 

A verb can be an action or a state, such as love (yurilim), know (mi), or have (mali).

  • N yuri paɣa maa pam – I love the lady a lot
  • N mi’o – I know him/her
  • N Mal’la buku – I have a book

 

First, Second and Third Person Verbs

First Person

As in English, the first, second and third person verbs can also be achieved in Dagbanli.

Each action (or state) references a person. In other words: Who? Who is doing it? Or, who is in that state? We call it the “person.”

When the verb shows an action or a state of the person speaking, we say the verb is in the first person. Examples;

  • Ni chɛŋ karimzɔŋ/shikuru – I will go to school
  • N yuri buku karimbu – I love reading books
  • Ti nyuri kɔm – We drink water

 

Second Person

When the verb shows an action or a state of the person you are speaking to, we say the verb is in the second person. Examples;

  • A gbihiri pam – You sleep a lot
  • A guuri pam – You run a lot
  • A mi bɔl’li ŋmebu venyɛlinga – You know how to play football well

 

Third Person

When the verb shows an action or a state of someone else, which is not present, we say the verb is in the third person. Examples;

  •  O mi bɔl’li ŋmeb venyɛlinga He/She knows how to play football well
  • Di tumda – It works
  • Bi guurimi – They are running

Glossary

ɛ, ɣ, ŋ, ɔ, and ʒ

 

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Lesson by: Rasheeda Yehuza